Johfra Bosschart (1919-1998) was a Dutch painter identified for his surrealist and mystical work that always integrated astrological symbolism. He was born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, and studied on the Royal Academy of Artwork in The Hague.

Within the Fifties, Bosschart turned fascinated by astrology and commenced incorporating astrological symbolism into his work. He ultimately turned a distinguished determine in astrological artwork, and his work has been featured in quite a few publications and exhibitions.

Bosschart’s type is commonly described as a mix of surrealism, symbolism, and mystical components. His work are identified for his or her intricate particulars, vivid colours, and dreamlike imagery. His work usually depicted legendary creatures, historic symbols, and otherworldly landscapes.

Early Life

Born Franciscus Johannes Gijsbertus van den Berg in Rotterdam, Netherlands, in 1919, Johfra Bosschart was destined to be an artist. He grew up in a world crumbling below the burden of the Second World Conflict, a time of upheaval that will later be mirrored in his artwork. His father was a gifted draftsman and uncovered his son to the world of inventive expression from a younger age.

Johfra Bosschart’s journey into artwork began in earnest when he attended the Academy of Wonderful Arts in The Hague. Right here, he first encountered the works of surrealist masters, resembling Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, and Max Ernst, whose affect would later be evident in his creations. Bosschart’s ardour for the occult and esoteric data was ignited throughout this era. He started exploring the paranormal facet of life, which might turn out to be a central theme in his artwork.

Maldoror Collection

One of the hanging and memorable works by Bosschart is the Maldoror sequence. Impressed by the Nineteenth-century French poet Comte de Lautréamont’s “Les Chants de Maldoror,” the sequence consists of work depicting improbable beasts and monstrous figures. These grotesque and horrifying photographs are an ideal instance of Bosschart’s distinctive mix of surrealist artwork and the darkish world of the occult.

The Maldoror sequence showcases Bosschart’s expertise for rendering the nightmarish and the macabre, which might later be known as “monster brains” by some artwork critics. These works had been controversial for his or her time, as they had been seen as a type of degenerate artwork, difficult the conventions of conventional aesthetics and societal norms.

The Zodiac Collection

Maybe essentially the most well-known of Bosschart’s works are his Zodiac posters. This sequence consists of twelve work, every representing an indication of the zodiac, with symbolic components deeply rooted in esoteric data. From the ethereal great thing about Aquarius to the fiery vitality of Aries, the Zodiac sequence showcases Bosschart’s skill to infuse the surreal with the paranormal.

The creation of the Zodiac sequence was a transformative expertise for Bosschart, because it allowed him to interrupt free from the constraints of conventional inventive strategies and embrace his true calling as an occult surrealist. The sequence was accomplished in reverse order, beginning with Pisces and culminating within the highly effective and enigmatic picture of Aries. The Zodiac sequence not solely captured the general public’s creativeness but in addition solidified Bosschart’s status as a creative power to be reckoned with.

Amsterdam 1981 and the Following Yr:

By the early Nineteen Eighties, Johfra Bosschart had established himself as a number one determine in surrealist artwork. In 1981, he held a serious retrospective of his work in Amsterdam, showcasing his huge assortment of work and drawings. This exhibition was a turning level for Bosschart, bringing him worldwide acclaim and cementing his place within the annals of artwork historical past.

The next yr, 1982, proved to be a major one for the artist Johfra Bosschart, as his work gained recognition and admiration from critics and most people. Throughout this time, Bosschart’s art work was featured in a number of European exhibitions and galleries, exposing a wider viewers to his distinctive mix of surrealism, mysticism, and improbable beasts.

Johfra Bosschart: Occult Surrealist:

One of many key points that set Bosschart other than his contemporaries was his profound curiosity in occult and esoteric data. This fascination permeated his work, turning his canvases into portals to a hidden world of mysticism and spirituality. As an occult surrealist, Bosschart’s work weren’t merely inventive expressions but in addition intricate tapestries of symbols and arcane knowledge.

His use of esoteric components and themes in his artwork allowed Bosschart to discover the depths of the human psyche, unearthing the fears, wishes, and mysteries that lurk beneath the floor. This strategy to artwork, coupled along with his extraordinary expertise for mixing the surreal with the paranormal, made Johfra Bosschart a really distinctive artist whose work continues to encourage and captivate to today.

Whereas Bosschart was by no means immediately linked to this particular motion, his work actually pushed the boundaries of standard inventive expression. His work usually featured unsettling imagery, resembling monstrous figures and nightmarish creatures, difficult viewers to confront their fears and anxieties. This provocative strategy to artwork garnered criticism and admiration however finally helped solidify Bosschart’s status as a groundbreaking and influential artist.


Johfra Bosschart handed away in 1998, however his legacy lives on by means of his mesmerizing artistic endeavors. His work proceed to be exhibited and admired by artwork fans worldwide, with many recognizing him as a pioneer in surrealist and occult artwork. The themes and strategies he employed in his work have impressed numerous artists who got here after him, making certain that the surrealism of Bosschart won’t ever be forgotten.

Bosschart’s artwork is a testomony to the facility of the creativeness and the significance of difficult the boundaries of standard inventive expression. From his formative years to the improbable beasts of his Maldoror sequence and the esoteric symbols of his Zodiac posters, the story of Johfra Bosschart is one in all a visionary who dared to discover the depths of the human psyche by means of the surreal and the paranormal. As an occult surrealist, his work continues to captivate and encourage, leaving a long-lasting impression on artwork.

Regularly Requested Questions

Who was Johfra Bosschart?

Johfra Bosschart was a Dutch surrealist painter born in 1919 in Rotterdam, Netherlands. He’s finest identified for his distinctive mix of surrealism and occult themes in his art work, which regularly options improbable beasts and esoteric symbols.

What’s Johfra Bosschart’s actual identify?

Johfra Bosschart was born Franciscus Johannes Gijsbertus van den Berg. He later adopted the pseudonym “Johfra Bosschart,” which mixes his first identify and his mom’s maiden identify.

What influenced Johfra Bosschart’s artwork?

Bosschart was closely influenced by the works of surrealist masters resembling Salvador Dalí, René Magritte, and Max Ernst. He was additionally deeply fascinated by occult and esoteric data, which performed a major function in shaping the themes and symbols current in his art work.

What’s the Maldoror sequence?

The Maldoror sequence is a set of work by Johfra Bosschart impressed by the Nineteenth-century French poet Comte de Lautréamont’s “Les Chants de Maldoror.” The sequence options grotesque and nightmarish creatures, showcasing Bosschart’s expertise for combining surrealism and macabre.

What’s the Zodiac sequence?

The Zodiac sequence is a set of twelve work by Johfra Bosschart, every representing an indication of the zodiac. The sequence is thought for its intricate symbolism and esoteric themes, mixing surrealism with mysticism and astrology.

What’s “degenerate artwork,” and the way does it relate to Johfra Bosschart?

“Degenerate artwork” is a time period that originated in Nazi Germany to explain artwork that didn’t conform to the federal government’s requirements of aesthetics and morality. Though Bosschart was indirectly related to this motion, his work usually pushed the boundaries of standard inventive expression and featured unsettling imagery that some thought of degenerate.

How has Johfra Bosschart influenced different artists?

Johfra Bosschart’s distinctive mix of surrealism, mysticism, and improbable beasts has impressed numerous artists who got here after him. His groundbreaking strategy to artwork and his exploration of the human psyche by means of the surreal and the paranormal have left a long-lasting impression on the artwork world.

When did Johfra Bosschart go away?

Johfra Bosschart handed away on November 6, 1998.

The place can I see Johfra Bosschart’s art work?

Johfra Bosschart’s art work could be present in varied galleries and exhibitions worldwide. Lots of his works are additionally obtainable on-line for viewing by means of varied artwork web sites and social media platforms devoted to his work.

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